Geirsson, H., d'Oreye, N., Mashagiro, N., Syauswa, M., Celli, G., Kadufu, B., Smets, B. & Kervyn, F. 2017. ‘Volcano-tectonic deformation in the Kivu Region, Central Africa: Results from six years of continuous GNSS observations of the Kivu Geodetic Network (KivuGNet)’. Journal of African Earth Sciences 134, special issue : AVCoR Special Issue : 809-823. DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2016.12.013. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1464343X16304186 I.F. 1.326.
Article in a scientific Journal / Article in a Journal
We present an overview of the installation, operation, and initial results of the 15-station KivuGNet (Kivu Geodetic Network) in the Kivu Region, Central Africa. The network serves primarily as a research and monitoring tool for active volcanic, earthquake, and plate boundary processes in the region. Continuous operation of in-situ measurement networks in naturally and politically harsh environments is challenging, but has proven fruitful in this case. During the operation of the network since 2009, KivuGNet has captured: co-eruptive deformation from two eruptions of Nyamulagira (in 2010 and 2011–2012); inter-eruptive deformation, which we interpret as a combination of plate motion across the Western – East Africa Rift, and decreasing deep-seated magma accumulation under the Nyiragongo-Nyamulagira region; co-seismic deformation from the Mw5.8 August 7, 2015 Lwiro earthquake at the western border of Lake Kivu. We hope that this study will serve as a motivation for further implementation of in-situ geodetic networks in under-monitored and under-studied sections of the East African Rift.