Delvaux, D., Mulumba, J.-L., Sebagenzi, M.N.S, Fiama Bondo, S., Kervyn, F. & Havenith, H.-B. 2017. ‘Seismic hazard assessment of the Kivu rift segment based on a new sismo-tectonic zonation model (Western Branch, East African Rift system)’. F. Kervyn, N. D'Oreye (eds), Journal of African Earth Sciences 134, special issue : AVCOR - Active Volcanism and Continental Rifting : 831-855. Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2016.10.004. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1464343X16303375?via%3Dihub I.F. 1.326.
Article in a scientific Journal / Article in a Journal
In the frame of the Belgian GeoRisCA multi-risk assessment project focusing on the Kivu and northern Tanganyika rift region in Central Africa, a new probabilistic seismic hazard assessment has been performed for the Kivu rift segment in the central part of the western branch of the East African rift system. As the geological and tectonic setting of this region is incompletely known, especially the part lying in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, we compiled homogeneous cross-border tectonic and neotectonic maps. The seismic risk assessment is based on a new earthquake catalogue based on the ISC reviewed earthquake catalogue and supplemented by other local catalogues and new macroseismic epicenter data spanning 126 years, with 1068 events. The magnitudes have been homogenized to Mw and aftershocks removed. The final catalogue used for the seismic hazard assessment spans 60 years, from 1955 to 2015, with 359 events and a magnitude of completeness of 4.4. The seismotectonic zonation into 7 seismic source areas was done on the basis of the regional geological structure, neotectonic fault systems, basin architecture and distribution of thermal springs and earthquake epicenters. The Gutenberg-Richter seismic hazard parameters were determined by the least square linear fit and the maximum likelihood method. Seismic hazard maps have been computed using existing attenuation laws with the Crisis 2012 software. We obtained higher PGA values (475 years return period) for the Kivu rift region than the previous estimates. They also vary laterally in function of the tectonic setting, with the lowest value in the volcanically active Virunga – Rutshuru zone, highest in the currently non-volcanic parts of Lake Kivu, Rusizi valley and North Tanganyika rift zone, and intermediate in the regions flanking the axial rift zone.